1. Identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil?

Identify where to check level, i.e. dipstick or sight glass. Explain that level should be between max and min marks. For dipstick remove dipstick and wipe clean, return and remove again to check oil level against max/min marks. For sight glass, ensure glass is clean when checking.

  1. Show me how you would check that the horn is working on this machine (off road only)?

Check is carried out by using control (turn on ignition if necessary).

  1. Identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic fluid?

Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings.

  1. Tell me how you would check that the lights and reflectors are clean and working?

Explanation only: Operate switch (turn on ignition if necessary), identify reflectors. Check visually for cleanliness and operation.

  1. Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working?

Operate brake, place hand over light or make use of reflections in windows, garage doors etc, or ask someone to help.

  1. Tell me how you would check the condition of the chain on this machine?

Check for chain wear, correct tension and rear wheel alignment. Tension should be adjusted as specified in the machine handbook. Drive chain should be lubricated to ensure that excessive wear does not take place.

  1. Show me what checks you would make on the steering movement before using the machine?

Handlebars should be free to move smoothly from full left lock to full right lock without any control cables being stretched, trapped or pinched and without any snagging between moving and fixed parts.

  1. Tell me how you would check your tyres to ensure that they are correctly inflated, have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road?

Correct tyre pressure settings can be found in the owner’s manual. Pressures should be checked using a reliable gauge. Tread depth must be at least 1mm deep, forming a continuous band at least 3/4 of the breadth of the tread and all the way around. There should be no lumps, bulges or tears.

  1. Show me how you would check the operation of the front brake on this machine?

Wheel the machine forward and apply the front brake.

  1. Show me how you would check the operation of the brakes on this machine?

Check for excessive travel on the brake lever and the brake pedal and for unusual play or sponginess.

  1. Show me how you would check the operation of the engine cut out switch?

Operate switch, without the engine being started.

  1. Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light and explain when you would use it (if fitted)?

Operate switch (turn on ignition and dipped headlights if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use.

  1. Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam?

Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light.


Examiners may also ask pillion passenger questions too

  1. What advice would you give to a pillion first time they get on your bike?  Have they got a helmet on is all skin covered, get on when i tell you too and only from the kerbside, hold on to me follow my body movements , We need to ride body to body to cut out turbulence, lean in as i accelerate and sit up as i break , no sudden movements and no hand signals pick one shoulder to look over and hold onto me or the grab rails keep your feet up on the foots pegs at all times
  2. what would you adjust on the bike if expecting to carry a pillion passenger ? Head light gaze down, mirrors to be able to see, stiffen the preload on the suspension, slacken the chain to have an inch of movement when under load ie with the rider and passenger on the bike, pump up the rear tire to the owners manuel spec and put out the foot pegs for the passenger
  3. what effect will having a passenger on the back at night? the extra weight will lift the head light beam thus dazzling on coming traffic potentially
  4. what effect will carrying a pillion have on the handling of the machine? every thing will be less effective the acceleration will not be as responsive, breaks will not work as well so these things will need to be though about and applied sooner more progressively the steering will be light and unresponsive especially at higher speeds the bike will pitch and roll into corners